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dependencies tutorial

Randomly going to explain various parts of it.

Have a look at:
https://github.com/Whonix/anon-meta-packages/blob/master/debian/control

  • click on raw for a more copy/paste / reading friendly version.
  • consider copying file contents in and editor of your choice
  • search the file for whonix-gateway-default-applications-gui

here is an example package:

Package: whonix-gateway-default-applications-gui
Architecture: all
Pre-Depends: whonix-legacy
Depends: onioncircuits, anon-connection-wizard, tor-control-panel, ${misc:Depends}
Replaces: anon-gateway-default-applications, whonix-gateway-default-applications
Description: Recommended desktop packages for Whonix-Gateway GUI
 A metapackage, which installs graphical user interface (GUI) packages,
 which are recommended for a graphical Whonix-Gateway.
 .
 Safe to remove, if you know what you are doing.

Now we need to mentally blank out the ā€œunimportant thingsā€ for purposes of simplification.

The essential part mostly to only look at is this:

Package: whonix-gateway-default-applications-gui
Depends: onioncircuits, anon-connection-wizard, tor-control-panel, ${misc:Depends}

Also forget about ${misc:Depends} for now. Thatā€™s just something we have to add to every package unfortunately.

The maximum simplified version for grasping it would look like this:

Package: whonix-gateway-default-applications-gui
Depends: onioncircuits, anon-connection-wizard, tor-control-panel

As an exercise one could remove all the ā€œunimportant thingsā€ from all packages to get an overview. We could also consider a script to easily provide such a simplified version to easy studying it.

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Sometimes Depends: are spread among multiple lines.
(Line break after 80 characters is convention.)
How do you know where it starts and where it stops?

Example whonix-workstation-packages-recommended-cli.

Package: whonix-workstation-packages-recommended-cli
Architecture: all
Depends: anon-mixmaster, anon-gpg-tweaks, anon-ws-disable-stacked-tor, pwgen,
 python-msgpack, bindp, codecrypt, gnupg2, gnupg-agent, dirmngr,
 magic-wormhole, diceware, makepasswd, ${misc:Depends}
Description: Recommended packages for Whonix-Workstation CLI
 A metapackage, which installs packages, which are recommended for
 command line interface (CLI) Whonix-Workstation, because they are
 useful for a Tor Workstation.
 .
 Feel free to remove if you know what you are doing.

It starts with Depends:. After the colon : there is no other colon until there is a new line saying Description: (or possibly SomethingElse:.

So the dependencies of package whonix-workstation-packages-recommended-cli are:

anon-mixmaster, anon-gpg-tweaks, anon-ws-disable-stacked-tor, pwgen, python-msgpack, bindp, codecrypt, gnupg2, gnupg-agent, dirmngr, magic-wormhole, diceware, makepasswd
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