Initially, if you have not made any changes to Whonix Firewall Settings, then Whonix User Firewall Settings File /etc/whonix_firewall.d/50_user.conf appears empty, because it does not exist. This is expected.
If you are using Qubes-Whonix, complete the following steps:
I added in /50_user in whonix-gw
VPN_SERVERS="ip address of my vpn"
and skip all the other lines
After reload firewall in sys-whonix
There is a problem: Tor doesn’t connect, tried vpn like a normal vpn on the host instead in gateway, but bootstrap stops at 45%.
Strange, I use it in ubuntu/debian with virtualbox/kvm like virtualization. Can be a problem with xen?
Done some test (only with VPN on the host)
Using a new VPN, finally connected to Tor. Start whonix-check in whonix-sys and after 10 minutes arrives to 2/3 of loading, start also whonix-check in gateway and after another 10 minutes (always 2/3 for sys and 1/2 for gw loading) crash VPN.
Restart VPN and run gw and ws, this time I open the konsole of both, run sudo apt-get update and after the first 4-5 lines of loading, crash another time VPN.
Change, use the VPN that yesterday can’t connect but today there isn’t problems (my VPN never had because I utilize it daily). Here there isn’t crash because when I run command in the konsole the result is:
"Failed to fetch http://deb.qubes-os.org…cannot initiate the connection to 10.137.255.254:8082 (10.137.255.254). -connect (111:connection refused)
as well as all the others
Whonix-check of gw gives this result:
Socksport test result: Connected to Tor IP: 22.214.171.124
Error: whonix news result. Download of Whonix News file failed
Warning: Debian Package Update Check Result: Could not for software updates! apt-get code 100
Please manually check inside your "whonix-gw TemplateVM …
Info: Whonix APT repository Enabled …
When I open gw always shows this windows
Whonix-Gateway NetVM required for updates
Please ensure that this TemplateVM has a Whonix-Gateway as its NetVM
No updates are possible without an active(running) Whonix-Gateway VM
It works (sudo touch…), but I have to run it each time (I ran on sys and gw)
Did you run the VPN in the whonix-gw TemplateVM? That you should not do. Because the whonix-gw TemplateVM “is more like a workstation” (because it is behind sys-whonix, it is not sys-whonix).
Overwritten 50_user.conf (on sys already existed, I don’t know what there was inside) with VPN_FIREWALL=1 and VPN_SERVERS=“ip address” and works fine (without additional vpn on the host). I want be sure that VPN is setup correctly (I don’t want that TOR run because there isn’t)
How do I do?
If it is all ok, now the question is why with VPN on the host, TOR is very,very slow?
Doesn’t work… when I shutdown sys and open, 50_user.conf is empty. Yesterday it is connected to my ip. I can’t give a explaination, try with a new installation but this time I install whonix VM manually after Qubes