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Whonix on Mac M1 (ARM)

Thanks Patrick, I updated the Build Configuration page now with some small changes.

Regarding the macOS page, yes, I think it could do with a larger restructure. I’ll tackle this probably next weekend, but didn’t have much time this weekend so just got the Apple Silicon steps in quickly so they are not only on my machine / in my head. :wink:

If VirtualBox releases ARM compatibility at some point, I would definitely port it there. It would be much more user friendly than QEMU. I’m also considering https://getutm.app/ - it uses QEMU under the hood so would be easier to get it working there and more user friendly.

KVM is a linux hypervisor, so I don’t see it ever working on macOS. HVF is the macOS implementation and the QEMU commands I added into the Whonix wiki use HVF already.

1 Like

That’s a handy flag for the build script, will keep it in mind, thanks!

@Patrick would it be possible to add those arm64 images to https://download.whonix.org/ at some point? I think we could then already make an “easier” version of the Apple Silicon setup.

2 Likes

Is in -XX-<git commit hash>.raw the git commit hash part inconvenient? (For intermediate documentation writing?) The only reason I originally implemented that is preventing users to build from git master (or other arbitrary git commits) and then wondering why their build is different from git tag releases.

File names are configurable but I guess setting an environment variable for that is also inconvenient.

Instead to clarify to users “caution, not building from a tag”, the git commit hash could be replaced by “untagged”. That would also sufficiently indicate “caution, custom build”.

(Nothing fundamentally wrong with builds from non-tags as long as knowing that.)

(Going to answer other parts later.)

That’s an incredible development. Thanks for creating this. It would be a pleasure for me to handle aarch64 KVM Builds. Will you be reachable for any bug troubleshooting in case something breaks down the line?

2 Likes

Thanks for the kind words @HulaHoop, it’s been a lot of fun working on it. Yes, of course please feel free to reach out.

Do you guys have gitter or some other direct messaging platform for quick chats?

2 Likes

The qemu-system-aarch64 command lines for gateway and workstation are crucial to be correct. In theory if wrong could even produce a leak. How have these been generated / figured out?

Where these created / based on using virsh domxml-to-native qemu-argv? That would be great because then it would be similar to Whonix KVM xml files:

https://github.com/Whonix/whonix-libvirt/tree/master/usr/share/whonix-libvirt/xml

A lot thought on ideal configuration over the years was put into these by @HulaHoop.

No. Development is all in forums.


They have been modelled based on the XML files Whonix currently uses, however I could not map them 1-to-1, there are some differences with QEMU on macOS.

For example, neither bridge nor tap network backends work (at least easily, apparently there are some hacks for it to work), so I had to use user-space socket connections based on QEMU’s SLIRP.

I’m not too aware of what leaks this could create, maybe @HulaHoop knows more?

Okay, thanks!

2 Likes

Alright so some good news I was able to generate some Libvirt configs using the pre-built Debian Openstack images. The results should resemble x86 level of isolation that way. Since only SLIRP is available on Mac, some leaktesting is recommended just in case: https://www.whonix.org/wiki/Dev/Leak_Tests


Are we currently getting raw files from the build script? I’m sure KVM can use them too and can even generate snapshots on top of it. However qcow2 would be ideal for compactness and functionality reasons if possible. Take your time. The plan is for one image to be able to support different OSs of the same arch.

2 Likes

Good news.

1 Like

Any chance to make this work with libvirt?

libvirt supports MacOS but it doesn’t say if that goes for Intel and/or M1 based.
https://libvirt.org/platforms.html#linux-freebsd-and-macos

Reason:
Linux “amd64” (Intel + AMD) KVM libvirt xml files are very established, development goes back to 2012, could be re-used for Linux arm64 KVM libvirt. Ideally there would be no difference or better as little differences as possible for Mac M1 support versus Linux arm64 KVM libvirt. That would be more maintainable / shared code base / easier to read/review than a super long qemu command line which better would be only last resort / stopgap.

Yes, see:
https://www.whonix.org/wiki/MacOS#M1

Contains the whonix_build command lines which should be currently re-usable as is.

1 Like

I’ll do some leak testing, thanks for the link. Regarding qcow2, I had some trouble with it breaking the EFI partition required for grub on aarch64. I do want to investigate further, I’m sure it’s possible (I can load other qcow2 files fine on maOS with QEMU). It would also mean we get spice-vdagent on the resulting image which is something we need anyway.

Will add to the todo list, agreed that would be much cleaner than a lengthy QEMU command.

2 Likes

Testing to cross build on Debian buster amd64 does not work for me yet.

cross building Kicksecure arm64 on Kicksecure amd64

+ chroot /home/user/whonix_binary/15.0.1.7.4/Kicksecure-CLI-15.0.1.7.4.raw_mpoint_os update-grub
Generating grub configuration file ...
Found linux image: /boot/vmlinuz-4.19.0-16-arm64
Found initrd image: /boot/initrd.img-4.19.0-16-arm64
Found linux image: /boot/vmlinuz-4.19.0-16-arm64
Found initrd image: /boot/initrd.img-4.19.0-16-arm64
  WARNING: Device /dev/loop7p1 not initialized in udev database even after waiting 10000000 microseconds.
  WARNING: Device /dev/loop0 not initialized in udev database even after waiting 10000000 microseconds.
  WARNING: Device /dev/sda not initialized in udev database even after waiting 10000000 microseconds.
  WARNING: Device /dev/mapper/sda5_crypt not initialized in udev database even after waiting 10000000 microseconds.
  WARNING: Device /dev/loop7p2 not initialized in udev database even after waiting 10000000 microseconds.
  WARNING: Device /dev/loop1 not initialized in udev database even after waiting 10000000 microseconds.
  WARNING: Device /dev/sda1 not initialized in udev database even after waiting 10000000 microseconds.
  WARNING: Device /dev/host-vg/root not initialized in udev database even after waiting 10000000 microseconds.
  WARNING: Device /dev/loop2 not initialized in udev database even after waiting 10000000 microseconds.
  WARNING: Device /dev/host-vg/swap_1 not initialized in udev database even after waiting 10000000 microseconds.
  WARNING: Device /dev/loop3 not initialized in udev database even after waiting 10000000 microseconds.
  WARNING: Device /dev/mapper/loop6p1 not initialized in udev database even after waiting 10000000 microseconds.
  WARNING: Device /dev/loop4 not initialized in udev database even after waiting 10000000 microseconds.
  WARNING: Device /dev/loop5 not initialized in udev database even after waiting 10000000 microseconds.
  WARNING: Device /dev/sda5 not initialized in udev database even after waiting 10000000 microseconds.
  WARNING: Device /dev/loop6 not initialized in udev database even after waiting 10000000 microseconds.
  WARNING: Device /dev/loop7 not initialized in udev database even after waiting 10000000 microseconds.
  WARNING: Device /dev/sdb not initialized in udev database even after waiting 10000000 microseconds.
  WARNING: Device /dev/sdb1 not initialized in udev database even after waiting 10000000 microseconds.
  WARNING: Device /dev/sdb5 not initialized in udev database even after waiting 10000000 microseconds.
  Failed to set up async io, using sync io.
  WARNING: Device /dev/loop7p1 not initialized in udev database even after waiting 10000000 microseconds.
  WARNING: Device /dev/loop0 not initialized in udev database even after waiting 10000000 microseconds.
  WARNING: Device /dev/mapper/sda5_crypt not initialized in udev database even after waiting 10000000 microseconds.
  WARNING: Device /dev/loop7p2 not initialized in udev database even after waiting 10000000 microseconds.
  WARNING: Device /dev/loop1 not initialized in udev database even after waiting 10000000 microseconds.
  WARNING: Device /dev/sda1 not initialized in udev database even after waiting 10000000 microseconds.
  WARNING: Device /dev/host-vg/root not initialized in udev database even after waiting 10000000 microseconds.
  WARNING: Device /dev/loop2 not initialized in udev database even after waiting 10000000 microseconds.
  WARNING: Device /dev/host-vg/swap_1 not initialized in udev database even after waiting 10000000 microseconds.
  WARNING: Device /dev/loop3 not initialized in udev database even after waiting 10000000 microseconds.
  WARNING: Device /dev/mapper/loop6p1 not initialized in udev database even after waiting 10000000 microseconds.
  WARNING: Device /dev/loop4 not initialized in udev database even after waiting 10000000 microseconds.
  WARNING: Device /dev/loop5 not initialized in udev database even after waiting 10000000 microseconds.
  WARNING: Device /dev/sda5 not initialized in udev database even after waiting 10000000 microseconds.
  WARNING: Device /dev/loop6 not initialized in udev database even after waiting 10000000 microseconds.
  WARNING: Device /dev/loop7 not initialized in udev database even after waiting 10000000 microseconds.
  WARNING: Device /dev/sdb1 not initialized in udev database even after waiting 10000000 microseconds.
  WARNING: Device /dev/sdb5 not initialized in udev database even after waiting 10000000 microseconds.
  WARNING: Device /dev/loop7p1 not initialized in udev database even after waiting 10000000 microseconds.
  WARNING: Device /dev/loop0 not initialized in udev database even after waiting 10000000 microseconds.
  WARNING: Device /dev/sda not initialized in udev database even after waiting 10000000 microseconds.
  WARNING: Device /dev/mapper/sda5_crypt not initialized in udev database even after waiting 10000000 microseconds.
  WARNING: Device /dev/loop7p2 not initialized in udev database even after waiting 10000000 microseconds.
  WARNING: Device /dev/loop1 not initialized in udev database even after waiting 10000000 microseconds.
  WARNING: Device /dev/sda1 not initialized in udev database even after waiting 10000000 microseconds.
  WARNING: Device /dev/host-vg/root not initialized in udev database even after waiting 10000000 microseconds.
  WARNING: Device /dev/loop2 not initialized in udev database even after waiting 10000000 microseconds.
  WARNING: Device /dev/host-vg/swap_1 not initialized in udev database even after waiting 10000000 microseconds.
  WARNING: Device /dev/loop3 not initialized in udev database even after waiting 10000000 microseconds.
  WARNING: Device /dev/mapper/loop6p1 not initialized in udev database even after waiting 10000000 microseconds.
  WARNING: Device /dev/loop4 not initialized in udev database even after waiting 10000000 microseconds.
  WARNING: Device /dev/loop5 not initialized in udev database even after waiting 10000000 microseconds.
  WARNING: Device /dev/sda5 not initialized in udev database even after waiting 10000000 microseconds.
  WARNING: Device /dev/loop6 not initialized in udev database even after waiting 10000000 microseconds.
  WARNING: Device /dev/loop7 not initialized in udev database even after waiting 10000000 microseconds.
  WARNING: Device /dev/sdb not initialized in udev database even after waiting 10000000 microseconds.
  WARNING: Device /dev/sdb1 not initialized in udev database even after waiting 10000000 microseconds.
  WARNING: Device /dev/sdb5 not initialized in udev database even after waiting 10000000 microseconds.
  Failed to set up async io, using sync io.
  WARNING: Device /dev/loop7p1 not initialized in udev database even after waiting 10000000 microseconds.
  WARNING: Device /dev/loop0 not initialized in udev database even after waiting 10000000 microseconds.
  WARNING: Device /dev/mapper/sda5_crypt not initialized in udev database even after waiting 10000000 microseconds.
  WARNING: Device /dev/loop7p2 not initialized in udev database even after waiting 10000000 microseconds.
  WARNING: Device /dev/loop1 not initialized in udev database even after waiting 10000000 microseconds.
  WARNING: Device /dev/sda1 not initialized in udev database even after waiting 10000000 microseconds.
  WARNING: Device /dev/host-vg/root not initialized in udev database even after waiting 10000000 microseconds.
  WARNING: Device /dev/loop2 not initialized in udev database even after waiting 10000000 microseconds.
  WARNING: Device /dev/host-vg/swap_1 not initialized in udev database even after waiting 10000000 microseconds.
  WARNING: Device /dev/loop3 not initialized in udev database even after waiting 10000000 microseconds.
  WARNING: Device /dev/mapper/loop6p1 not initialized in udev database even after waiting 10000000 microseconds.
  WARNING: Device /dev/loop4 not initialized in udev database even after waiting 10000000 microseconds.
  WARNING: Device /dev/loop5 not initialized in udev database even after waiting 10000000 microseconds.
  WARNING: Device /dev/sda5 not initialized in udev database even after waiting 10000000 microseconds.
  WARNING: Device /dev/loop6 not initialized in udev database even after waiting 10000000 microseconds.
  WARNING: Device /dev/loop7 not initialized in udev database even after waiting 10000000 microseconds.
  WARNING: Device /dev/sdb1 not initialized in udev database even after waiting 10000000 microseconds.
  WARNING: Device /dev/sdb5 not initialized in udev database even after waiting 10000000 microseconds.
  WARNING: Device /dev/loop7p1 not initialized in udev database even after waiting 10000000 microseconds.
  WARNING: Device /dev/loop0 not initialized in udev database even after waiting 10000000 microseconds.
  WARNING: Device /dev/sda not initialized in udev database even after waiting 10000000 microseconds.
  WARNING: Device /dev/mapper/sda5_crypt not initialized in udev database even after waiting 10000000 microseconds.
  WARNING: Device /dev/loop7p2 not initialized in udev database even after waiting 10000000 microseconds.
  WARNING: Device /dev/loop1 not initialized in udev database even after waiting 10000000 microseconds.
  WARNING: Device /dev/sda1 not initialized in udev database even after waiting 10000000 microseconds.
  WARNING: Device /dev/host-vg/root not initialized in udev database even after waiting 10000000 microseconds.
  WARNING: Device /dev/loop2 not initialized in udev database even after waiting 10000000 microseconds.
  WARNING: Device /dev/host-vg/swap_1 not initialized in udev database even after waiting 10000000 microseconds.
  WARNING: Device /dev/loop3 not initialized in udev database even after waiting 10000000 microseconds.
  WARNING: Device /dev/mapper/loop6p1 not initialized in udev database even after waiting 10000000 microseconds.
  WARNING: Device /dev/loop4 not initialized in udev database even after waiting 10000000 microseconds.
  WARNING: Device /dev/loop5 not initialized in udev database even after waiting 10000000 microseconds.
  WARNING: Device /dev/sda5 not initialized in udev database even after waiting 10000000 microseconds.
  WARNING: Device /dev/loop6 not initialized in udev database even after waiting 10000000 microseconds.
  WARNING: Device /dev/loop7 not initialized in udev database even after waiting 10000000 microseconds.
  WARNING: Device /dev/sdb not initialized in udev database even after waiting 10000000 microseconds.
  WARNING: Device /dev/sdb1 not initialized in udev database even after waiting 10000000 microseconds.
  WARNING: Device /dev/sdb5 not initialized in udev database even after waiting 10000000 microseconds.
  Failed to set up async io, using sync io.
  WARNING: Device /dev/loop7p1 not initialized in udev database even after waiting 10000000 microseconds.
  WARNING: Device /dev/loop0 not initialized in udev database even after waiting 10000000 microseconds.
  WARNING: Device /dev/mapper/sda5_crypt not initialized in udev database even after waiting 10000000 microseconds.
  WARNING: Device /dev/loop7p2 not initialized in udev database even after waiting 10000000 microseconds.
  WARNING: Device /dev/loop1 not initialized in udev database even after waiting 10000000 microseconds.
  WARNING: Device /dev/sda1 not initialized in udev database even after waiting 10000000 microseconds.
  WARNING: Device /dev/host-vg/root not initialized in udev database even after waiting 10000000 microseconds.
  WARNING: Device /dev/loop2 not initialized in udev database even after waiting 10000000 microseconds.
  WARNING: Device /dev/host-vg/swap_1 not initialized in udev database even after waiting 10000000 microseconds.
  WARNING: Device /dev/loop3 not initialized in udev database even after waiting 10000000 microseconds.
  WARNING: Device /dev/mapper/loop6p1 not initialized in udev database even after waiting 10000000 microseconds.
  WARNING: Device /dev/loop4 not initialized in udev database even after waiting 10000000 microseconds.
  WARNING: Device /dev/loop5 not initialized in udev database even after waiting 10000000 microseconds.
  WARNING: Device /dev/sda5 not initialized in udev database even after waiting 10000000 microseconds.
  WARNING: Device /dev/loop6 not initialized in udev database even after waiting 10000000 microseconds.
  WARNING: Device /dev/loop7 not initialized in udev database even after waiting 10000000 microseconds.
  WARNING: Device /dev/sdb1 not initialized in udev database even after waiting 10000000 microseconds.
  WARNING: Device /dev/sdb5 not initialized in udev database even after waiting 10000000 microseconds.
  WARNING: Device /dev/loop7p1 not initialized in udev database even after waiting 10000000 microseconds.
  WARNING: Device /dev/loop0 not initialized in udev database even after waiting 10000000 microseconds.
  WARNING: Device /dev/sda not initialized in udev database even after waiting 10000000 microseconds.
  WARNING: Device /dev/mapper/sda5_crypt not initialized in udev database even after waiting 10000000 microseconds.
  WARNING: Device /dev/loop7p2 not initialized in udev database even after waiting 10000000 microseconds.
  WARNING: Device /dev/loop1 not initialized in udev database even after waiting 10000000 microseconds.
  WARNING: Device /dev/sda1 not initialized in udev database even after waiting 10000000 microseconds.
  WARNING: Device /dev/host-vg/root not initialized in udev database even after waiting 10000000 microseconds.
  WARNING: Device /dev/loop2 not initialized in udev database even after waiting 10000000 microseconds.
  WARNING: Device /dev/host-vg/swap_1 not initialized in udev database even after waiting 10000000 microseconds.
  WARNING: Device /dev/loop3 not initialized in udev database even after waiting 10000000 microseconds.
  WARNING: Device /dev/mapper/loop6p1 not initialized in udev database even after waiting 10000000 microseconds.
  WARNING: Device /dev/loop4 not initialized in udev database even after waiting 10000000 microseconds.
  WARNING: Device /dev/loop5 not initialized in udev database even after waiting 10000000 microseconds.
  WARNING: Device /dev/sda5 not initialized in udev database even after waiting 10000000 microseconds.
  WARNING: Device /dev/loop6 not initialized in udev database even after waiting 10000000 microseconds.
  WARNING: Device /dev/loop7 not initialized in udev database even after waiting 10000000 microseconds.
  WARNING: Device /dev/sdb not initialized in udev database even after waiting 10000000 microseconds.
  WARNING: Device /dev/sdb1 not initialized in udev database even after waiting 10000000 microseconds.
  WARNING: Device /dev/sdb5 not initialized in udev database even after waiting 10000000 microseconds.
  Failed to set up async io, using sync io.
  WARNING: Device /dev/loop7p1 not initialized in udev database even after waiting 10000000 microseconds.
  WARNING: Device /dev/loop0 not initialized in udev database even after waiting 10000000 microseconds.
  WARNING: Device /dev/mapper/sda5_crypt not initialized in udev database even after waiting 10000000 microseconds.
  WARNING: Device /dev/loop7p2 not initialized in udev database even after waiting 10000000 microseconds.
  WARNING: Device /dev/loop1 not initialized in udev database even after waiting 10000000 microseconds.
  WARNING: Device /dev/sda1 not initialized in udev database even after waiting 10000000 microseconds.
  WARNING: Device /dev/host-vg/root not initialized in udev database even after waiting 10000000 microseconds.
  WARNING: Device /dev/loop2 not initialized in udev database even after waiting 10000000 microseconds.
  WARNING: Device /dev/host-vg/swap_1 not initialized in udev database even after waiting 10000000 microseconds.
  WARNING: Device /dev/loop3 not initialized in udev database even after waiting 10000000 microseconds.
  WARNING: Device /dev/mapper/loop6p1 not initialized in udev database even after waiting 10000000 microseconds.
  WARNING: Device /dev/loop4 not initialized in udev database even after waiting 10000000 microseconds.
  WARNING: Device /dev/loop5 not initialized in udev database even after waiting 10000000 microseconds.
  WARNING: Device /dev/sda5 not initialized in udev database even after waiting 10000000 microseconds.
  WARNING: Device /dev/loop6 not initialized in udev database even after waiting 10000000 microseconds.
  WARNING: Device /dev/loop7 not initialized in udev database even after waiting 10000000 microseconds.
  WARNING: Device /dev/sdb1 not initialized in udev database even after waiting 10000000 microseconds.
  WARNING: Device /dev/sdb5 not initialized in udev database even after waiting 10000000 microseconds.
  WARNING: Device /dev/loop7p1 not initialized in udev database even after waiting 10000000 microseconds.
  WARNING: Device /dev/loop0 not initialized in udev database even after waiting 10000000 microseconds.
  WARNING: Device /dev/sda not initialized in udev database even after waiting 10000000 microseconds.
  WARNING: Device /dev/mapper/sda5_crypt not initialized in udev database even after waiting 10000000 microseconds.
  WARNING: Device /dev/loop7p2 not initialized in udev database even after waiting 10000000 microseconds.
  WARNING: Device /dev/loop1 not initialized in udev database even after waiting 10000000 microseconds.
  WARNING: Device /dev/sda1 not initialized in udev database even after waiting 10000000 microseconds.
  WARNING: Device /dev/host-vg/root not initialized in udev database even after waiting 10000000 microseconds.
  WARNING: Device /dev/loop2 not initialized in udev database even after waiting 10000000 microseconds.
  WARNING: Device /dev/host-vg/swap_1 not initialized in udev database even after waiting 10000000 microseconds.
  WARNING: Device /dev/loop3 not initialized in udev database even after waiting 10000000 microseconds.
  WARNING: Device /dev/mapper/loop6p1 not initialized in udev database even after waiting 10000000 microseconds.
  WARNING: Device /dev/loop4 not initialized in udev database even after waiting 10000000 microseconds.
  WARNING: Device /dev/loop5 not initialized in udev database even after waiting 10000000 microseconds.
  WARNING: Device /dev/sda5 not initialized in udev database even after waiting 10000000 microseconds.
  WARNING: Device /dev/loop6 not initialized in udev database even after waiting 10000000 microseconds.
  WARNING: Device /dev/loop7 not initialized in udev database even after waiting 10000000 microseconds.
  WARNING: Device /dev/sdb not initialized in udev database even after waiting 10000000 microseconds.
  WARNING: Device /dev/sdb1 not initialized in udev database even after waiting 10000000 microseconds.
  WARNING: Device /dev/sdb5 not initialized in udev database even after waiting 10000000 microseconds.
  Failed to set up async io, using sync io.
  WARNING: Device /dev/loop7p1 not initialized in udev database even after waiting 10000000 microseconds.
  WARNING: Device /dev/loop0 not initialized in udev database even after waiting 10000000 microseconds.
  WARNING: Device /dev/mapper/sda5_crypt not initialized in udev database even after waiting 10000000 microseconds.
  WARNING: Device /dev/loop7p2 not initialized in udev database even after waiting 10000000 microseconds.
  WARNING: Device /dev/loop1 not initialized in udev database even after waiting 10000000 microseconds.
  WARNING: Device /dev/sda1 not initialized in udev database even after waiting 10000000 microseconds.
  WARNING: Device /dev/host-vg/root not initialized in udev database even after waiting 10000000 microseconds.
  WARNING: Device /dev/loop2 not initialized in udev database even after waiting 10000000 microseconds.
  WARNING: Device /dev/host-vg/swap_1 not initialized in udev database even after waiting 10000000 microseconds.
  WARNING: Device /dev/loop3 not initialized in udev database even after waiting 10000000 microseconds.
  WARNING: Device /dev/mapper/loop6p1 not initialized in udev database even after waiting 10000000 microseconds.
  WARNING: Device /dev/loop4 not initialized in udev database even after waiting 10000000 microseconds.
  WARNING: Device /dev/loop5 not initialized in udev database even after waiting 10000000 microseconds.
  WARNING: Device /dev/sda5 not initialized in udev database even after waiting 10000000 microseconds.
  WARNING: Device /dev/loop6 not initialized in udev database even after waiting 10000000 microseconds.
  WARNING: Device /dev/loop7 not initialized in udev database even after waiting 10000000 microseconds.
  WARNING: Device /dev/sdb1 not initialized in udev database even after waiting 10000000 microseconds.
  WARNING: Device /dev/sdb5 not initialized in udev database even after waiting 10000000 microseconds.
Found Debian GNU/Linux 10 (buster) on /dev/mapper/host--vg-root

Seems to hang.

update-grub seems to look at a lot unrelated host loop devices and getting confused. Perhaps that could be restricted?

Also running sudo chroot /path/to/chroot update-grub on a amd64 host might not work since the chroot image would be arm64? Wondering it goes that far at all? How could that be done? Qemu required or avoidable?

Actually not.

done

1 Like

Related build script enhancements:

Added:

  • raw image support
  • multiple architecture support

https://forums.whonix.org/t/long-wiki-edits-thread/3477/2009

Done?

Included in 15.0.1.7.6.


--flavor qcow2 / --flavor raw might be insufficient. --flavor qcow2 used to imply Linux libvirt (KVM).

  • I could rename --target to --format (image format).
  • Then --target would be virtualbox, libvirt, m1 (target platform).

Depending on what is required and what makes sense. Not sure that is already needed. Let me know what would be useful.

1 Like

build-steps.d/2376_build_arm64_fs is currently very slow for me. The update-grub step takes 40 minutes. Likely this needs to be improved:

mount --bind /dev "${mpoint_os}/dev"

Installing grub inside an image, a chroot is difficult. Most instructions mount the host’s /dev inside the chroot. Not an immediate security risk but the image chroot has no business in the host’s real /dev. Best avoided if possible.

/usr/sbin/grml-debootstrap uses instead:

mount -t devtmpfs udev “${MNTPOINT}”/dev

That might be a faster and more secure solution.
(Variable name change required.)
(Secure as in less likely to mess up something on the host or host disk grub config leaking into the VM.)
I haven’t tried yet if that would successfully build. And even if it did, I cannot test if it would boot.

1 Like

Great to see some progress on this! Hope there will be a more user friendly guide out in the near future.

I am not an advanced user and tried the guide, but I get stuck on how to build from master. I tried to run git checkout master but it gives me an error saying that master is not a path. So I ignored that part and built 15.0.1.7.3 stable but it failed building. I did add --arch arm64 --allow-untagged true at the end of the build command. Is there something really easy I’m missing or should I just wait until this is developed more?

Update: I just used git checkout and then tried building 15.0.1.7.3-developers-only workstation. It fails here: https://anonfiles.com/jaYbDev8u4/Screenshot_2021-05-11_at_23.34.38_png

Hey Patrick, could you try with this patch please:


It still builds and runs for me afterwards, but I cannot say if it really solves your issue because I never had your issue anyway. Although, agree it’s cleaner in general.

Thanks for trying this out! You need to either build from a newer tag (e.g. 15.0.1.7.8-developers-only ) or from master directly. I’d recommend using 15.0.1.7.8-developers-only. Therefore, run git checkout --recurse-submodules 15.0.1.7.8-developers-only while inside the repo directory. Note, you might need to run git pull first.

Please try that and let me know how you get on.

P.S @Patrick, I noticed on the M1 section of the Mac Wiki pages, some of my longer commands are not showing in proper boxes. e.g. Section 3.3 “Run the below command to run the gateway:” is only showing a single line at a time. I’m not the best with this Wiki markdown language, any ideas on how to fix that? I couldn’t spot any difference between my code boxes and others which are expanded. Thanks!

Thanks for the help. I tried it your way and get the following when trying to build the workstation: https://ibb.co/Ydf6pfr

When running git checkout --recurse-submodules 15.0.1.7.8-developers-only I get HEAD is now at 0745e88 instead of HEAD detached at 15.0.1.7.8-developers-only nothing to commit, working tree clean

Awesome! Will try.

A bug. My best guess, it’s caused by the expand box. I.e. the expand box incompatible with CodeSelect box. Let’s just drop the expand box, not important anyhow?

Can you please post more of the terminal output? The part you sent doesn’t actually show the error, it just shows that it was retried a few times (which the Whonix build script does). Ideally, run the command and redirect to a file. e.g.

sudo ./whonix_build --target raw --flavor whonix-workstation-xfce --build --arch arm64 > whonix_build_output.txt

Then upload whonix_build_output.txt somewhere for us to view.

Yes, that fixed it, thanks!

1 Like
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