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VPN-Firewall failing [openvpn@openvpn.service.d]

Hello,

I am setting up VPN-Firewall on HOST machine. Instalation goes without any problems, however, openvpn does not start as it suppose to. Operating system: Debian 8. I am attaching neccessary logs and information.

Netfilter Status seems not to complain.

user@host:~$ sudo service netfilter-persistent status
● netfilter-persistent.service - netfilter persistent configuration
   Loaded: loaded (/lib/systemd/system/netfilter-persistent.service; enabled)
  Drop-In: /lib/systemd/system/netfilter-persistent.service.d
           └─20_vpn-firewall.conf
   Active: active (exited) since 2018-03-09 14:56:44 CET; 2min 6s ago
 Main PID: 1557 (code=exited, status=0/SUCCESS)
   CGroup: /system.slice/netfilter-persistent.service

mar 09 14:56:44 host netfilter-persistent[1557]: run-parts: executing /usr/share/netfilter-per...art
mar 09 14:56:44 host netfilter-persistent[1557]: OK: IPv6 suppot not avalaible on system
mar 09 14:56:44 host netfilter-persistent[1557]: OK: The firewall should not show any messages,
mar 09 14:56:44 host netfilter-persistent[1557]: OK: besides output beginning with prefix OK:...
mar 09 14:56:44 host netfilter-persistent[1557]: OK: FORWARDING: false
mar 09 14:56:44 host netfilter-persistent[1557]: OK: VPN firewall loaded.
mar 09 14:56:44 host systemd[1]: Started netfilter persistent configuration.
Hint: Some lines were ellipsized, use -l to show in full.

However openvpn service already has some problems.

user@host:~$ sudo service openvpn@openvpn status
● openvpn@openvpn.service - OpenVPN connection to openvpn
   Loaded: loaded (/lib/systemd/system/openvpn@openvpn.service; enabled)
  Drop-In: /lib/systemd/system/openvpn@openvpn.service.d
           └─50-unpriv.conf
   Active: failed (Result: exit-code) since pią 2018-03-09 14:58:06 CET; 10s ago
  Process: 1791 ExecStart=/usr/sbin/openvpn --daemon ovpn-%i --status /run/openvpn/%i.status 10 --cd /etc/openvpn --config /etc/openvpn/%i.conf (code=exited, status=0/SUCCESS)
 Main PID: 1792 (code=exited, status=1/FAILURE)

mar 09 14:58:05 host ovpn-openvpn[1792]: OPTIONS IMPORT: explicit notify parm(s) modified
mar 09 14:58:05 host ovpn-openvpn[1792]: OPTIONS IMPORT: --ifconfig/up options modified
mar 09 14:58:05 host ovpn-openvpn[1792]: OPTIONS IMPORT: route options modified
mar 09 14:58:05 host ovpn-openvpn[1792]: OPTIONS IMPORT: route-related options modified
mar 09 14:58:05 host ovpn-openvpn[1792]: OPTIONS IMPORT: --ip-win32 and/or --dhcp-option optio...ied
mar 09 14:58:05 host ovpn-openvpn[1792]: ROUTE_GATEWAY 10.64.64.64
mar 09 14:58:05 host ovpn-openvpn[1792]: ERROR: Cannot ioctl TUNSETIFF tun0: Operation not per...=1)
mar 09 14:58:05 host ovpn-openvpn[1792]: Exiting due to fatal error
mar 09 14:58:06 host systemd[1]: openvpn@openvpn.service: main process exited, code=exited, s...LURE
mar 09 14:58:06 host systemd[1]: Unit openvpn@openvpn.service entered failed state.

Openvpn .conf file - dev is set to tun0.

user@host:/etc/openvpn$ cat openvpn.conf
client
dev tun0
proto udp
remote <ip> <port>
auth-user-pass /etc/openvpn/auth.txt

resolv-retry infinite
nobind
persist-tun
persist-key
persist-remote-ip

cipher AES-256-CBC
tls-cipher TLS-DHE-RSA-WITH-AES-256-CBC-SHA:TLS-DHE-DSS-WITH-AES-256-CBC-SHA:TLS-RSA-WITH-AES-256-CBC-SHA
ns-cert-type server
verify-x509-name de name-prefix
key-direction 1
comp-lzo
verb 3

;ca ca.crt
<ca>
###KEY HERE###
</ca>
<tls-auth>
###KEY HERE###
</tls-auth>

#############################
## VPN-Firewall specific settings ##
#############################
client
dev tun0
persist-tun
persist-key

script-security 2
up "/etc/openvpn/update-resolv-conf script_type=up dev=tun0"
down "/etc/openvpn/update-resolv-conf script_type=down dev=tun0"

user tunnel
iproute /usr/bin/ip-unpriv

Upon checking dmesg output right after reboot. I can grab some specific errors. Well, error seems self explainatory, however i have no clue how to fix it in vpn-firewall script.

[   29.929328] systemd[1]: [/lib/systemd/system/openvpn@openvpn.service.d/50-unpriv.conf:13] Failed to parse protect system value, ignoring: strict
[   29.929412] systemd[1]: [/lib/systemd/system/openvpn@openvpn.service.d/50-unpriv.conf:15] Unknown lvalue 'ProtectControlGroups' in section 'Service'
[   29.929418] systemd[1]: [/lib/systemd/system/openvpn@openvpn.service.d/50-unpriv.conf:16] Unknown lvalue 'RestrictRealtime' in section 'Service'
[   29.929424] systemd[1]: [/lib/systemd/system/openvpn@openvpn.service.d/50-unpriv.conf:17] Unknown lvalue 'ProtectKernelModules' in section 'Service'
[   29.929434] systemd[1]: [/lib/systemd/system/openvpn@openvpn.service.d/50-unpriv.conf:20] Unknown lvalue 'ReadWritePaths' in section 'Service'
[   29.929440] systemd[1]: [/lib/systemd/system/openvpn@openvpn.service.d/50-unpriv.conf:21] Unknown lvalue 'ProtectKernelTunables' in section 'Service'
[   29.929451] systemd[1]: [/lib/systemd/system/openvpn@openvpn.service.d/50-unpriv.conf:26] Unknown lvalue 'MemoryDenyWriteExecute' in section 'Service'
[   29.929457] systemd[1]: [/lib/systemd/system/openvpn@openvpn.service.d/50-unpriv.conf:27] Unknown lvalue 'AmbientCapabilities' in section 'Service'

Onwership and permissions on neccessary files.

user@host:ls -al /run/resolvconf
drwxrwxr-x  3 root tunnel 100 mar  9 10:24 .
drwxr-xr-x 26 root root   900 mar  9 10:22 ..
-rw-r--r--  1 root root     0 mar  9 10:24 enable-updates
drwxrwxr-x  2 root tunnel  40 mar  9 10:22 interface
-rw-r--r--  1 root root   151 mar  9 10:22 resolv.conf
user@host:sudo chown --recursive root:tunnel /run/resolvconf #This sets ownership only temporary, after reboot it reverses
user@host:ls -al /run/resolvconf
drwxrwxr-x  3 root tunnel 100 mar  9 10:24 .
drwxr-xr-x 26 root root   900 mar  9 10:22 ..
-rw-r--r--  1 root tunnel   0 mar  9 10:24 enable-updates
drwxrwxr-x  2 root tunnel  40 mar  9 10:22 interface
-rw-r--r--  1 root tunnel 151 mar  9 10:22 resolv.conf
user@host:sudo chmod --recursive 775 /run/resolvconf
user@host:ls -al /run/resolvconf
drwxrwxr-x  3 root tunnel 100 mar  9 10:24 .
drwxr-xr-x 26 root root   900 mar  9 10:22 ..
-rwxrwxr-x  1 root tunnel   0 mar  9 10:24 enable-updates
drwxrwxr-x  2 root tunnel  40 mar  9 10:22 interface
-rwxrwxr-x  1 root tunnel 151 mar  9 10:22 resolv.conf

user@host: ls -la /etc/openvpn
drwxr-xr-x   2 tunnel tunnel  4096 mar  8 14:56 .
drwxr-xr-x 129 root   root   12288 mar  8 16:45 ..
-rwxr-xr-x   1 tunnel tunnel    29 mar  8 14:59 auth.txt
-rwxr-xr-x   1 tunnel tunnel  3090 mar  9 10:38 openvpn.conf
-rwxr-xr-x   1 tunnel tunnel  1301 jun 26  2017 update-resolv-conf

I am hitting my head against a wall here for few days already. Last time i was setting VPN-Firewall installation went without any problems.

Hi cs88

On the same system? Did you remove the old version of VPN-Firewall?

You may have an error in your openvpn.conf. Are you using the same VPN service provider?

1 Like

No, different system, Debian 8. Installed fresh and fully updated. Previous system was also based on Debian 8.

I tried reinstalling whole script few times, without any effect. Of course, i issued commands to remove old installation first.

I am using same VPN provider as on previous system, .conf was copied using sudo cp. I adjusted neccessary paths, in this case it was only path to auth file.

Errors from dmesg also happen already during boot screen. I just posted whole output from dmesg. It seems that there is something missing somewhere. While installing for the first time on fresh system i used standard make install command in place of make deb-icup, maybe that is a reason? However please note that from that time i already tried to reinstall whole script few times, deleteing previous configuration using

sudo update-rc.d vpnfirewall remove
sudo update-rc.d vpn-firewall remove
sudo rm /usr/local/bin/vpnfirewall
sudo rm /usr/bin/vpnfirewall
sudo rm /usr/bin/vpn-firewall
sudo rm /etc/init.d/vpnfirewall
sudo rm /etc/init.d/vpn-firewall

A little additional info. I am still stuck, however i decided to inspect and edit mentioned in dmesg file

[   29.929328] systemd[1]: [/lib/systemd/system/openvpn@openvpn.service.d/50-unpriv.conf:13] Failed to parse protect system value, ignoring: strict

I get this

## This file is part of Whonix.
## Copyright (C) 2012 - 2015 Patrick Schleizer <adrelanos@riseup.net>
## See the file COPYING for copying conditions.

[Unit]
ConditionPathExists=!/var/run/qubes-service/whonix-template

[Service]

User=tunnel
Group=tunnel

ProtectSystem=strict
ProtectHome=true
ProtectControlGroups=true
RestrictRealtime=true
ProtectKernelModules=true
CapabilityBoundingSet=
CapabilityBoundingSet=CAP_NET_ADMIN
ReadWritePaths=/etc/resolv.conf /run/openvpn /run/resolvconf
ProtectKernelTunables=true
NoNewPrivileges=true
RestrictAddressFamilies=AF_UNIX AF_NETLINK AF_INET AF_INET6
SystemCallFilter=~@clock @cpu-emulation @debug @keyring @module @mount @obsolete @raw-io
SystemCallArchitectures=native

Which is somehow different from my previous setup, which is this

[Unit]
ConditionPathExists=!/var/run/qubes-service/whonix-template

[Service]

User=tunnel

ExecStartPre=/usr/bin/sudo /usr/sbin/openvpn --rmtun --dev tun0
ExecStartPre=/usr/bin/sudo /usr/sbin/openvpn --mktun --dev tun0 --dev-type tun --user tunnel --group tunnel

ExecStopPost=/usr/bin/sudo /usr/sbin/openvpn --rmtun --dev tun0

Changing this file to above output does not help, error still persists. Commenting out value CapabilityBoundingSet=CAP_NET_ADMIN per openvpn bugtrack reccomendation also does not change anything. As i understand there is some problem between vpnfirewall and selinux package.

I also tried adding user tunnel to sudoers, without any result.

I am honestly clueless. Any help appriciated.

Hi cs88

Could you run this command:

sudo service openvpn@openvpn stop

And post the output of these commands: (may need to redact sensitive info)

sudo service openvpn@openvpn start -l
sudo service openvpn@openvpn status -l

Also wanted to ask is the semi-colon ( ; ) a typo or intentional.The one before ca in openvpn.conf

;ca ca.crt

1 Like

Hello,

I will post output of openvpn later. I will try to recreate this error on virtual machine, because:

Currently i used old version of VPN-Firewall (previous). I noticed that Patrick updated whole script from the last time i used it. Old version WORKS without any problems after first install. The difference is in file which dmesg complains about. Weird. So for me problem is somehow solved.

My understanding is that selinux is somehow limiting vpn-firewall from accessing openvpn service. But that is just a wild guess. If that would be the case, why error was not reported by anyone earlier? I doubt that my system is unique from others. Some relevant links

Semicolon before ca is what was provided in offical configuration file by VPN provider. Older version of vpn-firewall does not complain about it, it just treats it as comment.

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